The Gates of Hell

Series: The impact of the Jewish roots of Jesus

Modern Banyas where the River Jordan has it’s visible origin.  In Biblical times, this source was called ‘The Gates of Hades’
Several years ago I led a party of about 20 on a trip through Israel. One of my favourite places was a place which today is called Banyas or Panias. In Matthew’s Gospel it is referred to as being in the region of Caesarea Philippi. The location was well known in Jesus’ day because it was the spot where the river Jordan had its visible origin. The melting snow of nearby Mount Hermon forms a river that runs underground until it surfaces at the foot of a small cliff at Panias. The place gets its name because a temple to the pagan god Pan was erected there. Actually, there is evidence that several temples and shrines stood at that spot, including a temple to Caesar. People at the time erected these monuments to their gods because it was believed that a river source, such as this, was the gateway between human world above and the underworld of the spirits below. This particular gateway was called The Gates of Hades.

Jesus was standing at this very spot surveying the temples erected to the false gods of the age when he asked his disciples, “Who do people say the son of man is?” (Matthew 16:13).  In essence Jesus was saying, “here people honour Pan and Caesar and any number of so called deities, but how do they view me?” After they had made their response Jesus asked his disciples a second question; “But what about you?” he asked. “Who do you say I am?”  Simon Peter answered, “You are the Christ, the Son of the living God.”  Under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit Peter made the great declaration that Jesus Christ is the Son of God, the true deity standing there amid the temples and shrines of paganism. In response to Peter’s affirmation Jesus said; “I tell you that you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church, and the gates of Hades will not overcome it.

I have read so many sermons and commentaries that claim that Jesus was speaking about the militant nature of the church to come. ‘Have you ever heard of anyone being attacked by a gate?! No, gates do not attack us, we attack gates! The church’s task is to storm the gates of Hell….’, and so on and so forth. However, given the background knowledge to Jesus’ statement it should be obvious enough to know that he was referring to the fact that all the powers of the spiritual underworld would not be able to prevail against the church. His church would not have to fear the power of the devil and his minions because he, Jesus, is its head and it is his body. His statement says nothing about militancy or of ‘plundering Hell’.

Jesus then went on to make another statement that has been widely misinterpreted and I intend to deal with that in my next post.

If you have any texts that you suspect have been misinterpreted or misunderstood then please mention them to me (post a comment).

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Christopher Peppler



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About Me

My name is Christopher Peppler and I was born in Cape Town, South Africa in 1947. While working in the financial sector I achieved a number of business qualifications from the Institute of Bankers, Damelin Management School, and The University of the Witwatersrand Business School. After over 20 years as a banker, I followed God’s calling and joined the ministry full time. After becoming a pastor of what is now a quite considerable church, I  earned an undergraduate theological qualification from the Baptist Theological College of Southern Africa and post-graduate degrees from two United States institutions. I was also awarded the Doctor of Theology in Systematic Theology from the University of Zululand in 2000.

Four years before that I established the South African Theological Seminary (SATS), which today is represented in over 70 countries and has more than 2 500 active students enrolled with it. I presently play an role supervising Masters and Doctoral students.

I am a passionate champion of the Christocentric or Christ-centred Principle, an approach to biblical interpretation and theological construction that emphasises the centrality of Jesus

I have been happily married to Patricia since the age of 20, have two children, Lance and Karen, a daughter-in-law Tracey, and granddaughters Jessica and Kirsten. I have now retired from both church and seminary leadership and devote my time to writing, discipling, and the classical guitar.

If you would like to read my testimony to Jesus then click HERE.