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The Christocentric Principle in action – The question of self defence

I used to have a steel putter in a convenient place near my bed as some form of protection in the event of a break in. But then I sold my golf clubs and so was without a suitable means of protection. Was I wrong to want to be able to protect myself and family? Should I rather have relied entirely on God to protect me? Is self-defence an element of good stewardship or an obvious lack of faith?

When one asks this question, the answer one is often given is that Jesus commanded us to turn the other cheek and so it is clear that we should not seek to protect ourselves in any way. The problem is that this response entirely misses the point that Jesus was making. The Good News Bible translates the text in question as, “You have heard that it was said, ‘An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth.’ But now I tell you: do not take revenge on someone who wrongs you. If anyone slaps you on the right cheek, let him slap your left cheek too.” (Matthew 5:38-40).

The issue was retaliation, not self-defence. In any event, slapping a person on the cheek was more an act of insult and provocation than attack.
Jesus did in fact have something to say about self-defence. Luke 22:35-38 records His words to His disciples,’ “When I sent you without purse, bag or sandals, did you lack anything?” “Nothing,” they answered. He said to them, “But now if you have a purse, take it, and also a bag; and if you don’t have a sword, sell your cloak and buy one. It is written: ‘And he was numbered with the transgressors’; and I tell you that this must be fulfilled in me. Yes, what is written about me is reaching its fulfilment.” The disciples said, “See, Lord, here are two swords.” “That is enough,” he replied.’ The essence of what Jesus was saying is, “Times have changed my friends, so now protect yourselves and each other”.

I have read several strained interpretations of this passage, but only the obvious sense makes any real sense. Jesus plainly instructs them to buy swords if they don’t already own one. The context doesn’t allow for metaphoric language and it is just silly to claim that Jesus’ “that is enough” is to tell His disciples to stop talking nonsense. Jesus refers to swords in other contexts where it is clear that He is opposed to aggression and retaliation (Matthew 26:51-52 for instance). However, in the matter of reasonable self-defence I believe that we have our answer by applying the Christocentric Principle.


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Christopher Peppler



7 thoughts on “The Christocentric Principle in action – The question of self defence”

  1. I’m a Reformed Minister and Martial Artist – and as far as the Bible are concerned – we are not only allowed to defend ourselves and others, but obligated to do so. In fact, in between my theological writings, I often publish step-by-step instructions on various self-defence techniques. PS: Liked the article.

  2. I will be doing a complete article on the subject this coming week. I already started compiling a list of names, including some prominent theologians who practice Karate, Judo, Kenjutsu, etc. as well as some examples of how they have applied their skills to save the lives of others. I will, of course, focus on Scripture.

  3. Yes I will do a separate article on that particular subject. While it is true that many practitioners were once or are still into Buddhism, etc. – so are many Rugby players, Golfers, etc. Every school of martial arts I ever attended, including Judo, Karate-Do and Kenjutsu, had no religious aspects at all. They were purely scientific in their approach. Even the Old Testament Jews, King David in particular, studied various forms of martial arts taught to their military forces. We often jokingly refer to them as “Kung Jew” and “Jew Jitsu” ūüėČ Will let you know once the articles are finished.

  4. Just a quick note to inform you that I started work on the Christian Position of Self-Defence.

    The completed work will consist of three separate articles:

    The first on the Hebrew Warrior Art, known as Abir-Qesheth at

    The second will consist of a timeline consisting of examples of God’s people defending themselves throughout history at

    The third being a more theological approach to what the Bible actually teaches on the subject of Self-Defence at

    Please note: These articles aren’t even near completion. You may, however, follow my progress via the above-mentioned links.

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About Me

My name is Christopher Peppler and I was born in Cape Town, South Africa in 1947. While working in the financial sector I achieved a number of business qualifications from the Institute of Bankers, Damelin Management School, and The University of the Witwatersrand Business School. After over 20 years as a banker, I followed God’s calling and joined the ministry full time. After becoming a pastor of what is now a quite considerable church, I  earned an undergraduate theological qualification from the Baptist Theological College of Southern Africa and post-graduate degrees from two United States institutions. I was also awarded the Doctor of Theology in Systematic Theology from the University of Zululand in 2000.

Four years before that I established the South African Theological Seminary (SATS), which today is represented in over 70 countries and has more than 2 500 active students enrolled with it. I presently play an role supervising Masters and Doctoral students.

I am a passionate champion of the Christocentric or Christ-centred Principle, an approach to biblical interpretation and theological construction that emphasises the centrality of Jesus

I have been happily married to Patricia since the age of 20, have two children, Lance and Karen, a daughter-in-law Tracey, and granddaughters Jessica and Kirsten. I have now retired from both church and seminary leadership and devote my time to writing, discipling, and the classical guitar.

If you would like to read my testimony to Jesus then click HERE.